Tikanga & Kawa Customs & Lore
Focus for Learners
● To enable students to understand and become familiar with tikanga Māori (Māori customs) and Kawa (Māori Lore) that are practised in the local boundaries of Ngāti Awa ki Rangitaiki
● To enable students to explore and understand the importance of tikanga Māori and kawa in customary and traditional practice.
As part of a strong iwi (tribal) community, Te Kura o Te Teko students – through an approach which values and practises aspects of Te Ao Māori that are encouraged at our kura – such as manaakitanga (caring for others), whanaungatanga (collaboration) and mana (strength) – will learn about tikanga ā-iwi (tribal customs) and kawa to help strengthen cultural foundations and identity.
Programme of Learning
● Students will have regular opportunities to learn and practise tikanga and kawa, as part of their learning programme, during both education in and outside of the classroom accordingly to various scenarios and occasions.
● Meaningful learning situations and contexts will be organised and attended accordingly when appropriate.
Assessment and Evaluation
Emphasis should be student use of tikanga and kawa in kura and as part of external excursions to marae or appropriate kaupapa Māori.
Kaiako will play an equal role in facilitating learning and teaching according to the scenario or context.
Tikanga ā-Kura School Customs
Te Kura o Te Teko has partitioned our tikanga into areas in which tikanga will be upheld and adhered during the school day. These include classrooms, eating areas, Koro Eruera, Te Ao Hou and the playgrounds. Each area has come from discussion, questions and experience to assist our students in the promotion and practice of tikanga Māori in their everyday lives.
Tikanga ā-Akomanga Classroom practices
Whakarārangi ki waho – tū Rangatira
Hands to self
Wetekina ngā hū – whakapaihia hoki
Noho wahangū ki te whorōa / ki ngā tūru rānei – Noho Rangatira
Go to the wharepaku BEFORE class if possible
If you need to, have a BRAIN-BREAK
Remember our tikanga about heads/hats on tables, sitting on tables, etc.
Tikanga kai ngā Waahi Kai
Karakia i mua o te kai
Noho ki ngā waahi e tika ana mō te kai
Kaua e kōrero i tew ā kai te kai
Noho i te wā kai
Whakapai i tō waahi kai i muri o ia kai.
Tikanga kai Te Ao Hou, kai Koro Eruera rānei
Wetekina ngā hū
Kuhu wahangū tonu ki roto
Āta hikoi – Whatuira papatea
Whakarārangihia ngā hū ki waho
Ngā waahi aukati (kai Te Ao Hou): Te rūma meterehi / kīhini/ kāpata roa (kai Koro Eruera): te rūma kai / ngā wharepaku / te papa whakatūwaewae
Teacher supervision only areas
All purpose rooms: tamariki / kaiako / hapori
Bookings: Whakapai i Te Ao Hou, i a Koro Eruera
“Leave it as you found it”
Ngā Pūrākau ā Ngāti Awa ki Rangitaiki
The people of Ngāti Awa ki Rangitaiki have a long history that has been transferred inter-generationally through waiata, whakapapa, stories and legends. Within this information, our iwi has been able to pass on traditions, customs, stories and history that helps to make the local iwi who they are, and furthermore inscribes the platform from which younger generations may stand tall with confidence in the knowledge of where and whom they have come. This is tuakiritanga (identity) – the foundation - that upcoming generations may base their footing, in their pursuit of success and growth in whatever they choose to pursue and accomplish.
At Te Kura o Te Teko, teachers will utilise these traditions, customs and stories to provide a formal and informal learning and teaching platform used in the achievement of student success. Some of these stories have been listed below:
Te Waka o Mataatua
Ngā hononga ki ngā iwi o Mataatua
Putauaki te maunga, Rangitaiki te awa
Te Tahi o Te Rangi
Motutohorā me ngā moutere o Rūrima
Ko ngā maunga hīkoi mā raro
Ngā Atua Māori
Ngā Tīpuna Rongonui
Ngā hapū ō Ngāti Awa ki Rangitaiki
Te Kooti Arikirangi Te Turuki
Ngā kōrero tuku iho a Hamiora Pio
Te Reo o te Karakia Language of Cultural Ritual
Focus of Learners
● To enable students to understand and become familiar with Karakia Ringatū (Ringatū faith) as part of their educational programme delivery
● To enable students to participate and perform karakia Ringatū with confidence.
Through teaching the process and delivery of karakia Ringatū, students will learn traditional skills and practices that enhance their knowledge of iwi traditions and customs, and encourages the use of karakia Māori among students, as a lifelong cultural practice. Karakia Ringatū was deliberately chosen as the preferred method of karakia practice as a broad, accessible basis from which students will be able to gain skills and practice in this area. The choice of karakia in no way disparages or seeks to override other religious practices, but is seen to consist of skills and practices that enable student participation in the custom and importance of karakia.
Programme of Learning
● Students will have daily opportunities to participate and practise karakia as part of their daily morning routine and at appropriate occasions.
● A cultural approach to knowledge transmission and focusing on appropriate contexts that have meaning for students will be followed and could incorporate occasions such as:
o Morning, daily karakia
o Before meal times
o Completion of daily activities/end of day routine
o Prior to travelling, taking up a new or unfamiliar role or activity
Assessment and Evaluation
Emphasis should be student use of karakia – their participation and execution – in kura as part of their daily kura routine.
A kaiako leads this curriculum area within the kura, with support.